There are two types of fertilizers: direct fertilizers and indirect fertilizers. Direct fertilizers provide essential nutrients to the soil, such as micro-element fertilizer, compound fertilizer, and NPK. Indirect fertilizers, on the other hand, improve the soil’s chemical and physical properties. Many people question what type of fertilizer they can produce in a fertilizer plant (How to set up a fertilizer plant, you can visit: https://www.fertilizer-plants.com/fertilizer-production-plant/). Here are a few that you can make:
1. Ammonium nitrogen fertilizer
Ammonium nitrogen fertilizer consists of ammonium sulfate, ammonium bicarbonate, ammonia, and ammonium chloride. Soil colloids easily adsorb ammonium nitrogen. They break down the fertilizer into their clay mineral crystal layer. Ammonium nitrogen oxidizes to become nitrate easily. Moreover, ammonia loses its volatility when places in an alkaline environment. But remember, ammonium nitrogen fertilizers are corrosive and produce an irritating. You should always dilute this fertilizer with water before spreading it over crops.
2. Nitrate nitrogen fertilizer
Nitrate nitrogen fertilizers contain calcium nitrate, sodium nitrate, and ammonium nitrate. One of the reasons why nitrate nitrogen is so popular is it dissolves in water instantly. It moves in the soil fast and only a small quantity can make a significant portion of the crops healthy. But you need to be selective with nitrate nitrogen fertilizer when it comes to crops. For example, wheat and corn prefer nitrate nitrogen fertilizer because it facilitates synthesis of organic anion. Vegetables, on the other hand, may not require this type of fertilizer. Therefore, don’t forget to check whether nitrate nitrogen is applicable to your crop or not.
3. Amide nitrogen fertilizer
Carbamide or urea is a simple organic compound made from protein metabolism in fishes and mammals. This type of fertilizer contains 46% nitrogen, the highest among any other fertilizer. This is a neutral fertilizer and works on a variety of soils and crops. Its low destructive effect makes it one of the most highly-used fertilizers in the agricultural industry. Most farmers use amide nitrogen as the base fertilizer, seed fertilizer, and even as top dressing. It takes nearly 7 to 10 days to make amide nitrogen fertilizers with a compound fertilizer manufacturing line. You also need to keep an eye on the temperature while making this fertilizer. Make sure the temperature doesn’t cross 30 degrees at any stage.
Equipments to make fertilizers
Do you want to make homemade fertilizers? You will need specialized equipment and machines to ensure you get high-quality fertilizers that don’t contain too many synthetic fillers or chemicals. Here are the machines you will need:
• Fertilizer drill
• Fertilizer spreader
• Biomass briquetting plant
• Biomass plant
• Animal drawn seed cum fertilizer drill
• Tractor drawn seed cum fertilizer drill
• Fertigation system
• 4-wheel compost turner ( a small windrow compost turner)
You need to invest a lot in these machines to set up a fertilizer-making factory. But the quality of fertilizer you make is top-notch. You may not want to go back to buying chemical fertilizers again once you start making your own fertilizers. But keep the type of fertilizer in mind that goes with the crop you want to grow.